Piratas y Corsarios

Piratas y Corsarios

¿Quiénes eran los piratas?

Los piratas eran salteadores del mar, que asaltaban navíos de cualquier nacionalidad, para robar la mercancía que transportaban.

¿Cuándo apareció la piratería?

La piratería se practicó desde la edad antigua. Los fenicios, que eran hábiles marineros, fueron también audaces piratas. En la época de las invasiones bárbaras, es difícil distinguir entre las expediciones de los conquistadores y las incursiones piratas, como en el caso de los normandos y de los árabes.

La piratería desapareció, casi por completo, en el siglo XIX, salvo en alguna zona del archipiélago indonesio. Un hecho original fue que los moros, a partir del siglo XVI, organizaron, en la costa mediterránea de África, un verdadero estado pirata propio, haciendo peligrosa la navegación por el mediterráneo.

¿Quiénes eran los piratas del Atlántico?

Tras el descubrimiento de América, se intensificaron las actividades comerciales entre las colonias del Nuevo Mundo y Europa.. Los navíos que partían de las colonias estaban repletos de mercacías de todos los géneros. Estas riquezas atrajeron a muchos aventureros ingleses, franceses y holandeses que se agruparon en una «asociación» conocida como «los filibusteros».

¿Quiénes eran los filibusteros?

Los filibustero (del inglés freebooters, saqueadores), eran una clase de piratas que entre los siglos XVII y XVIII sostuvieron una lucha encarnizada con los españoles de las Antillas. Capturaban los galeones, asaltaban e invadían los centros costeros de la isla de la Tortuga, los ingleses de Jamaica y los holandeses de las Antillas Holandesas, eran muy crueles.


¿Qué leyes obedecían los piratas?

Las tareas se regulaban mediante reglas escritas que establecían una férrea disciplina para seguir a bordo: las faltas (como por ejemplo fumar en la bodega) se castigaban según la «Ley de Moisés», con 40 latigazos. La parte del botín que le correspondía a cada marinero aumentaba en el caso de haberla conseguido durante el combate.

¿Quiénes eran los bucaneros?

Eran colonos que criaban bueyes en las Antillas, de los cuales vendían la piel y la carne, ahumada en una parrilla especial llamada «boucan». Expulsados de las Bahamas por los ingleses en 1629, y de San Cristóbal por los españoles en 1630, los bucaneros se unieron a los filibusteros de Tortuga. Fueron famosos: Henry Morgan en 1671 entró a saco en Panamá, por encargo de los ingleses, y el francés Nau, llamado «el Olonés». Del mismo modo, algunas mujeres practicaron la piratería en el mismo siglo: la historia recuerda a Anne Bonny y a Mary Reed.


¿Quiénes eran los corsarios?

Eran aventureros europeos autorizados por su soberano, mediante una «patente de corso», para abordar otras naves. Su misión era dirigir acciones de guerra para debilitar a las fuerzas enemigas: esto sucedió en las Antillas contra los españoles.

¿Cuáles fueron los corsarios más famosos?

Francis Drake, que tuvo un papel importante en la creación del imperio colonial inglés; Raleigh, Hawkins y Jean Bart.

francis drake

¿Qué armas y navíos utilizaban los piratas y los corsarios?

Las armas personales eran: pistolas, sables, hachas, dagas y arcabuces. Los navíos con cañones de gran calibre disparaban balas unidas, de dos en dos, por una cadena para destrozar los mástiles de las embarcaciones. Los navíos eran: la fusta, pequeña y muy veloz, podía ser de vela o de remos; el galeote, con un solo mástil y de remos; la galeaza, con tres mástiles, 32 remos y 36 cañones; y por último, el galeón, con cuatro mástiles y 70 cañones.


49 comentarios en “Piratas y Corsarios”

  1. hello!,I really like your writing very much! proportion we keep in touch
    more approximately your article on AOL? I require an expert in this space to solve
    my problem. May be that is you! Taking a look ahead to peer

  2. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell
    and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the shell to her ear
    and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is completely off
    topic but I had to tell someone!

  3. Very good blog! Do you have any recommendations
    for aspiring writers? I’m planning to start my own site
    soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a free platform
    like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are
    so many options out there that I’m totally overwhelmed ..
    Any recommendations? Bless you!

  4. Hi, I do think this is an excellent web site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may revisit yet
    again since i have book marked it. Money and freedom
    is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide other people.

  5. Wow, amazing weblog format! How long have you ever been blogging for?
    you made blogging glance easy. The whole glance of your website is
    excellent, let alone the content material!

  6. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve visited this site before but after browsing through many of the posts I realized it’s new to me.
    Nonetheless, I’m certainly pleased I discovered it and I’ll be book-marking it and checking back

  7. Hey there exceptional website! Does running a blog similar to this
    require a large amount of work? I’ve absolutely no understanding of programming however I had been hoping to start my own blog in the near future.
    Anyway, if you have any suggestions or techniques for new blog owners
    please share. I know this is off subject but I just needed to ask.
    Many thanks!

  8. Superb blog! Do you have any recommendations for aspiring writers?
    I’m planning to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost
    on everything. Would you recommend starting with a free
    platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that
    I’m totally overwhelmed .. Any recommendations? Thanks!

  9. Amazing blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere?
    A theme like yours with a few simple tweeks would really make my blog stand out.
    Please let me know where you got your design. Cheers

  10. Hi there! I could have sworn I’ve been to this blog before but after checking through some
    of the post I realized it’s new to me. Anyhow, I’m definitely delighted
    I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!

  11. This is really attention-grabbing, You’re an excessively skilled blogger.

    I’ve joined your feed and sit up for looking for more of
    your fantastic post. Also, I’ve shared your
    web site in my social networks

  12. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but
    I find this topic to be actually something which I think I
    would never understand. It seems too complicated and very broad for me.
    I’m looking forward for your next post, I will try to get the hang of it!

  13. Your style is unique in comparison to other folks I’ve read stuff
    from. I appreciate you for posting when you’ve got the opportunity, Guess I’ll just bookmark this

  14. Terrific article! That is the kind of information that are meant
    to be shared around the web. Disgrace on Google for no longer positioning this put up upper!
    Come on over and talk over with my web site . Thank you

  15. I am extremely inspired together with your writing abilities as
    neatly as with the structure on your blog. Is that this a paid theme or did you modify it your self?

    Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s uncommon to
    peer a nice weblog like this one nowadays..

  16. I do not even understand how I finished up here, but I thought this submit used to be good.

    I don’t recognise who you might be however definitely you are going to a well-known blogger in case you
    aren’t already. Cheers!

  17. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to
    say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
    After all I’ll be subscribing to your feed and I
    hope you write again soon!

  18. Howdy would you mind letting me know which web host you’re working with?
    I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different web browsers and I must say this blog
    loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good hosting provider at a
    reasonable price? Cheers, I appreciate it!

  19. all the time i used to read smaller articles that also clear
    their motive, and that is also happening with this article
    which I am reading now. natalielise pof

  20. Hello there! I know this is kinda off topic however I’d figured
    I’d ask. Would you be interested in trading links or
    maybe guest authoring a blog post or vice-versa?
    My site addresses a lot of the same topics as yours
    and I believe we could greatly benefit from each other.
    If you’re interested feel free to shoot me
    an email. I look forward to hearing from you!
    Wonderful blog by the way!

  21. Pretty element of content. I simply stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact loved account your
    weblog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing on your
    feeds or even I fulfillment you access constantly rapidly.

  22. of course like your website but you need to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts.
    Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I to find it very bothersome to
    tell the reality however I will surely come again again. pof natalielise

  23. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills and also with
    the layout on your blog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing,
    it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays.

  24. Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and
    I am impressed! Very helpful information specifically the
    last part 🙂 I care for such info much. I was looking for this particular
    info for a long time. Thank you and good luck.

  25. I am not sure where you’re getting your information, but great topic.

    I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding
    more. Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for this information for my mission. plenty of fish natalielise

  26. Attractive component to content. I simply stumbled upon your
    site and in accession capital to say that I acquire actually loved account
    your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing on your
    augment or even I success you get entry to constantly

  27. It’s a pity you don’t have a donate button! I’d
    most certainly donate to this excellent blog! I guess for
    now i’ll settle for bookmarking and adding your RSS
    feed to my Google account. I look forward to new updates and will share this site with my Facebook group.

    Chat soon!

  28. Magnificent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff
    previous to and you’re just extremely great. I really like what you’ve acquired
    here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it.
    You make it entertaining and you still take care of to keep it wise.
    I can’t wait to read far more from you. This is really a great web site.

Deja un comentario